Rare Diseases 101
Rare Diseases 101

Get Educated

A rare disease affects fewer than 200,000 Americans and typically lacks financial incentive to make and market new treatments. However, the National institutes of Health (NIH) have identified over 7,000 different rare diseases affecting a total of nearly 30 million Americans.

The following list is a sample of rare disease taken from the NIH database of Rare Diseases and Related Terms:

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
  • Alzheiners Disease
  • Brain Tumors
  • Cancer, Colon
  • Cancer, Kidney
  • Cancer, Pancreatic
  • Cancer, Thyroid
  • Cerebral Palsy
  • Crohn's Disease
  • Cystic Fibrosis (typically a childhood disease)
  • Epilepsy (seizures)
  • Hodgkin's Disease
  • Leukemia (typically a childhood disease)
  • Melanoma (skin cancer)
  • Muscular Dystrophy
  • Multiple Myeloma
  • Multiple Sclerosis
  • Parkinson's Disease
  • Polycystic Kidney Disease
  • Sickle Cell

For more information on one of these diseases or complete access to the NIH database, please visit: rarediseases.info.nih.gov